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How to deal with depression


                                                                 
How to deal with depression


1) What is depression ?
2) what are the signs of Depressions?
3) what causes Depressions?
4) How to deal with Depression ?
5) Copying with symptoms of depression.




1) What is Depression ?

Depression is a state or disorder in which excessive sadness, low level of interest in everything and  low motivation surrounding everywhere.

The feeling of sadness is common in life during the depression.. During the period of depression, the psychology of human is always surrounded by negative thoughts, inferior quality and low-level of interest in enjoyable things.


There is fact that depression is common in adults. One out of three people will face the depression in their lives.



2) what are the signs of depression ?


There are many signs of depression or feeling sadness. It includes physical and emotional stress.
Physical stress which means it is related to our body. It includes pain in the body.  Emotions stress which means it is related to our mind or emotions. It includes mental pain.



The signs of depression are given below:-

i) Crying and Feelings of Sadness

It is that state in which we were suddenly started crying and the feeling of sadness revolves around it. The reason behind this the things which we wanted badly cannot get that things and  failures  are the reasons of crying and sadness in life.


ii) State of hopeless

It is that state in which were sad due to many reasons. But there are two main reasons:-
The first reason is that we lost hope due to continuous failures in work or life.


iii) Duration or changes in time of sleep

Another reason is that inadquate amount of hours of sleep which also led to the depression in life.


iv) Loss of pleasure in normal activites:-

There are many reasons to loss interest or pleasure in normal activities. It is due to because the work which we done on regular basis are getting lost interest in it. Which led to the loss of pleasure in normal activities.


v) Due to unhealthy life-style


Unhealthy life-style or unhealthy food also cause diseases like - Gastric problems, headache , muscle-pain etc. Which also led to the depression.






How to deal with depression



3) What Causes Depression ?


There is no specific data which shows the real reason of depression. It is a genetic factor. There is a fact that 30% of depression in a person is comes from there family.

Other is from financial stress which includes- retirement, unemployment, marriage etc.


4) How to deal with depression ?

There are many ways to deal with depression. The two main or primary options are "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy" (CBT)  and  "Electroconvulsive Therapy" (ECT) :-


i) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

  • To control the negative thoughts which lead to reductioj in loss of interest.
  • To help to improve the poor concentration.
  • To reduce the emotions of sadness.


ii) Electroconvulsive Therapy


  • This therapy gives in case the CBT cannot work to help the person to reduce the depression.
  • The person has had a previous positive response to ECT.
  • Pyschotic Symptoms are present.


5) Copying with Symptoms of Depression



  • Prepare your future plans and work on it. Make a list of your plans and write on a notebooks and a specific time frame to complete the work as soon as possible.
  • Increase the time in those activities which would increase the joy in your life.
  • Avoid comparing yourself with others. Be yourself and focus on your work not to compare with yourself in any other things.






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Major Reason of Unemployment in India






Reason Behind of Unemployment In India


Today is very interesting and crucial topic around us. Which is unemployment ? we know India still comes in the top developing economy in the world.


But there is still one of the most important question arises why unemployment rate in India is huge ?



i) Lack of the physical capital

ii) Increase in Population

iii) Educated Unemployment

iv) Technological Unemployment

v) Seasonal Unemployment

vi) Often Peoples are job seekers in India

vii) Don't focus on skill





i) Lack of Physical Capital


The major cause of unemployment and underemployment in India is the lack of physical capital to meets the desired requirement which means to produced the goods or services for sustain the life. They don't have much capital to produced goods or services to fulfill the market and earn money for their livelihood. In this case they don't export too much goods or services outside the country to balance the economy.



ii) Increase in Population


Another big problem is increase in the population. If population increases their demand also increases but there is limited amount of job which is available to fulfill the employment .


If we control the population then we can fulfill the employment otherwise there is no chance to fulfill or give job to every person.  Hence , it is one of the biggest problem in generating employment in India.










iii)  Educated Unemployment



This is one of the silly question arises that educated youths are also unemployed because there are huge numbers of youths in each sector . Then, there are more options available for employer to get the employees.  This caused educated unemployment .


iv) Technological Unemployment


It is the time or era in which technology is one of the most important sectors in employment . There is huge demand in IT sectors rather than other sectors. But , due to enormously changes in technologies most of the people cannot adapt these technologies frequently . So, they are also also unemployed . This is also the reason for unemployment.


 v) Seasonal Unemployment


In this case, the workers remain employed in particular season . For Example:- Farmers are employed or get hired only for the harvest season as unemployed for the rest of the seasons. Another example is that the workers are hired for the construction of building for a particular duration of time. If the construction of building is completed then they have no job to do.


 vi)  Often Peoples are Job seekers


Most youngsters are job seekers in India. They don't want to create something extra-ordinary which is beneficial to the society or create employment in the society. They focus on getting job and get settled. But we need job creators who creates jobs and employed the job seekers in India and also increase in the GDP of the country.

 vii) Don't Focus on Skill


Today , most youngsters focus on college degrees rather than focus on skills. This is also one of the most important reason for unemployment in today's era or time. In today world, there is huge opportunities to earn money. Anyone can easily earn money if they have proper skills and internet connection. Today internet is also available at a very cheap price. Everyone can easily afford it. In the Internet, you can earn easily money with the use of proper skill without the use of huge investment.



what should we do to overcome the unemployment ?


i) We should control the population and educate them to the consequences of over-population.


ii) Focus on Skill not the college degrees. Because most of the time youngsters can't get the job if they degrees. I personally recommend to focus on skills not college degrees.


iii) We want job creators not job seekers. If we get more job creators automatically jobs are created and the economy is also get developed.


iv) We do not fully dependent on foreign companies technology rather than we should create the technologies to improve the life style of the people.









Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date










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Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date

Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/

Chandrayaan-2


Now first of all we will start this with the topic moon because this mission is over all related to Moon.

Moon 


It is a Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

The soviet unions "Luna Program" was the first to reach with unmanned spacecraft in 1959.
And after that there is a big break through came in "Apollo 11 mission" which was organised by "USA".

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.

Members were :- "Neil A. Armstrong ", "Buzz Aldrin.

so , over all "12 Men" have walked on the Moon. And in which all are the US astronauts from the Apollo Program missions.

But finally India contributed there role in Moon Missions in October 2008 in one of its Missions in October 2008 with one of its space program named as  "Chandrayaan -1".


Chandrayaan-1


Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/


It was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation  (ISRO) in October 2008, and operated until august 2009.

The estimated cost for the project was 386 crore .

It achieved a lots of knowledge about moon and among its many achievements , Its  greatest achievement was the discovery of the widespread presence of water molecules in the "lunar soil" (on Moon).



Is there water on the Moon ?


Yes, there is water on Moon, but it is not in liquid form . Because , the liquid water cannot persist at the Moon's surface and the water vapour is decomposed by sunlight , because hydrogen quickly lost to outer space.

And , However , scientists have conjectured since the 1960 s that there may be water ice that survive in cold at the Permanently shadowed craters at the Moon's Poles.


Chandrayaan-2


Now , here India's second Mission "Chandrayaan-2" to the Moon is a totally indigenous mission comprising of "an orbiter" "Lander ( named as VIKRAM) " and "Rover ( PRAGYAN)".



Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/



Now After reaching the 100 Km of the lunar orbit , the lander housing the Rover in  "Chandrayaan-2" will separate from the orbiter.

And after that with a  descent control, the lander will softly land on the Lunar surface at  a specified site and deploy a Rover.


Notes on Chandrayan -2


Cost :- Rs 978 crore (approx)

Launch vehicle for this is :-  "GSLV MKIII "

Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/


Purpose :-  It collect the data on lunar topography , minerallogy , elemental , abundance , lunar and exosphere and signatures of hydroxe and water-ice  (Presence of Water).



PRAGYAN ROVER OF CHANDRAYAAN - 2


HAVING A MASS - 27 KG which work on solar power

Our Country "Indian space research Organisation" (ISRO) unlike Nasa's  "Apollo" and  Russia's  "Luna" missions which were placed  (or landed) the Rover on the equatorial  region of the moon , is Planning to land the Rover near the south Pole.


Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/
Rover PRAGYAN

And, so after the soft-landing , the six- wheeled rover will get detached from the  lander  and then it moved 100- 200 meteron the moon's surface and it will analyse the content. And, as excepted , It will remain active for 14 earth days (one lunar day ) and send back the datas and images to the earth via the "orbiter" with in "15 minutes".


Importance of Chandrayaan-2


Why Moon's South Pole is chosen for this mission?


So, there is a question arise that why was the southern Polar region of moon is chosen ?  So, the answer for this question  is that the space agency has said that Moon's South  Pole is more interesting because the surface area  under shadow in South Pole is much larger  than that at the North Pole.

And,  "There is a possibility of the Presence of water in Permanently shadowed areas of south Pole.  In addition , south pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil records of the early solar system" , so, the south Pole has chosen.


It's  Objective


From the scientific sides, the main aim of Chandrayaan -2  is to search the presence  of water on moon and with that the aims are to study Moon's topography , mineralogy , exosphere and  the hydroxyl signatures, etc.

And , the orbiter will creater 3D maps of the lunar surface and study the water ice in the south Polar region.


Challenges of this mission 


The main challenge of this mission is to safely land the rover on moon's southern surface . Because as the surface of moon have a numbers of small and big craters ; So there is a strong possibility that rover may land in those craters which have uneven surface and if  it falls on that uneven surface then it may get tilted to one end or may fall completely in that.


Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/
Lander VIKRAM

So, our scientists are trying their best and taking lots of precautions to land it safely on even surface part of moon's south pole. so, that it can work properly and fulfill the purpose of this mission with it's hundred percent accuracy without failing.



Chandrayaan - 2 : Launch Date - https://www.googlenewz.xyz/

But due to some technical glitch the last schedule of launching was postponed. But the ISRO has now announced again the new launching date of chandrayaan - 2 . so, the new launching date of chandrayaan - 2 is ( 22nd july 2019 timing 2:51 pm ) .



Chandrayaan-2 ka  historic samay 

The landing time of Chandrayaan-2 on Moon at September-7 @ around 1:30- 2:00 am. 
Chandrayaan-2 is landing on south side of  Moon. India is the first country who landed on south side of Moon.


Chandrayaan -2 is 35 km above the Moon and got decided where to land on Moon. He don't receive any instruction from the ISRO.


ISRO President Mr. Siwan said that- The situtation of landing time of Chandrayaan-2 on Moon got goose bums to us because ISRO never land any space shuttle on the south side of Moon.

In night @ 1:40 am Chandrayaan-2 landed @ 90 degree. In 1:55 am in between the two craters. After two hours @ 3:55  am the rap of lander get opened.


In Morning, 5:55 am Lander came out of Rover and land on Moon. The images of Chandrayaan whole mission gets ISRO on 11 am.





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How Shams-ud-din ILtutmish Became The First Sultan Of India - Newspot ?

 How Shams-ud-din ILtutmish Became The First Sultan Of  India  - Newspot  ?
Shasms-ud-din-Iltutmish


Shams-ud-Din ILtutmish

Do you know shams-ud-din-Iltutmish  was the first Muslim ruler who became the sultan of India ?


Qutub-ud-din Aibak died at December  1, 1210 (@60 age) in Lahore , Pakistan.  After the death of Qutub-ud-din-Aibak  Shams-ud-din-Iltutmish became the first real Turkish sultan of Delhi. He was married to the daughter of Qutub-ud-din-Aibak and defeat Aibak inefficient son Aram shah who is placed on the throne by his officers at Lahore.



But Aram shah was opposed by the nobles of Delhi . In the court, the high officials including Turkish nobles at Delhi decided to invite  IItutmish to became the king because he was more capable than the son of Qutub-ud-din-Aibak . Finally the moments came when IItutmish was waiting this opportunity , responded to their call and reached Delhi and may take the powers of SUltan. The Battle between Aram Shah and Shams-ud-din IItutmish was fought in 1211  A.D.  which was won by IItutmish , then  IItutmish killed Aram shah in this battle . After this, the golden period of IItutmish was started in 1211 A.D.



He was the first muslim sultan of India  who get the recongization by the Khalifa. He was one of the successful sultan of Delhi because he safe Delhi from the attacks of Mongol kingdom which is in under the control of Genghis khan as well as both Yeldoz and  Qubacha . He also established his rule in north-India where Rajput powers made his difficult to him to capture the north India.



He also issued coins in his name and made his rule hereditary and made Delhi a beautiful city as his capital.



Early Career of ILtutmish 


IItutmish was born in a Turkish family in Central Asia . He was younger child in his family. He was handsome, tall and intelligent and loved by his parents. But  his jealous brother sold him as a slave merchant whose named as Jamal-ud-din.


He then received training as a soldier and he also received training in reading and writting as well. Muhammad Ghori was impressed by Iltutmish and recommended him to Qutub-ud-din-Aibak in these words:-  Treat Iltutmish well , for  he will distinguish himself. His statement became true later. Under Qutub-ud-din-Aibak , IItutmish came near the heart of Aibak and then he became the governor of Badaun. Aibak was so impressed by him that he made him his son-in-law.



His Difficulties 



IItutmish took the throne of Delhi at a time when the difficulties and crisis started . He had to face a number of difficulties in India and from outside the india. After the death of his master Qutub-ud-din-Aibak , the two big  rival get infront of IItutmish to became the king of Delhi Sultanate. Their rivals names are :- Taj-ud-din Yeldoz of Ghazni and Nassiruddin Qubacha of upper sind and Multan.



Yeldoz wanted to become the sultan of India and treated Iltutmish  as his slave who works under the rule of him. And his second rival Qubacha, the governor of Multan declaring his independence after the death of Aibak and also wanted to became the sultan of India

.
Another  big  problems faced by the IItutmish was that  Ali Mardan , the governor of Bengal and Bihar declared his independency after the death of Qutub-ud-din-Aibak.



The Another big problem faced by the IItutmish after the revolt of Rajput states like Ranthambhor , Jalor , Ajmer , Gwalior and other states had stopped paying taxes to him and declared their independence.


But the IItutmish was a brave and intelligent sultan. He accepted the whole challenge and faced the problems sincerly.



Defeat of Yeldoz



The one of the biggest enemy of IItutmish was  Taj-ud-din- Yeldoz of ghazani . He made preparations to face the battle with Yeldoz. Yeldoz was defeated by khwarizm shah and he came in India. In India , Yeldoz defeated Qubacha and captured Lahore and Punjab.



Then, IItutmish attack Yeldoz and  a battle between the two took place in the historic battle field of Tarain in 1215 A.D.



Yeldoz was defeated and death by IItutmish  with this all connections with Ghazni were cut by and   IItutmish felt secure. But he did not attack Qubacha and allowed him to rule over Multan.





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History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot


Indonesia Will Move Its Capital From- Fast Sinking Jakarta- Newspot






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History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


Bhoodan Movement


The Bhoodan - Gramdan movement initiated inspired by Vinoba Bhave brought vinoba to the international scene.

The "Bhoodan Movement" or "Land Gift Movement" , was a voluntary land reform movement in India , started by Acharya "Vinoba Bhave" in 1951 at Pocham Pally village in Telangana.


Background (Start of Movement)


Vinoba Bhave , a humble spiritual leader , the first non-violent resister to the Britishers and reformer of Independent India started this.

The mission was to persuade wealthy land owners to willingly give a small share of their land to the landless people.

And the idea of Bhoodan Movement broke out from one "dam" given by the Ram chandra Reddy a land owner of Andhra Pradesh of that time a 100 acres of land and the Bhave ji think that he can make it as a big movement and he continues his idea make it a big movement and became successful in it. Then he travelled across all of India to convince the wealthy Land-Owners to share a small area of their land with their poor and down trodden neighbours with the condition that they can't sell the land. Over a span of 20 years , a total of 4 milion acres of land was shared across the country through this movement.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


Objectives of Movement


To  bring  about a social order based on equality of opportunities by ensuring balanced economic distribution.

Decentralisation of economic holdings and powers , Vinoba ji writes , while describing the objectives of Bhoodan Movement , "In fact , objective is of there fold".

Firstly , Power should be decentralised from village to village .

Secondly, everybody should have a right on land and property.

Thirdly,  there should be no distribution in the matter of wages etc.

Vinoba ji was interested in the creation of a new social order.


Outcomes of Movement 


Assuming that there were 50 million landless peasants in India. Vinoba ji set himself the task of collecting in land gifts of 50 million acres , so that one acre could be given to each landless was hoped would end up with 5 acres.


He travelled thousands of miles by foot accepting donations of land for redistribution to the landless. By 1969, the Bhoodan had collected over 4 million acres (1.6 million hectares) of land for redistribution.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot

Advantages


It is a bold step towards solving the problems of landless labourers in very peaceful manners.

It helps in bringing more land under plough . Even uncultivable land is cultivated.

It helps in the direction of tax burden.

It helps in reducing exploitation of the poor cultivators by the rich zamindars.


Disadvantages


The fundamental weakness of Bhoodan movement was that its appeal was directed not to the poor and landless , but to the rich and  landlords.Means that it does not made a "that type of " (mutual) connectivity with all.

So, the voluntary donations of lands were not the generous offerings of the rich . In many states the landlords donated lands to escape from the ceiling laws. They have " no free will" .

Another weakness is that the depressed people and the exploited section of the society have already exhausted patience.

They are in no mood to indefinitely wait for the positive results of the movements.






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Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot


Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot

INS  Imphal Guided Missile Destroyer

The Indian Navy has launched its third guided missile destroyer, INS Imphal at "Mazgaon Docks" as Part of its Project 15B.


VISAKHAPATNAM - Class  Destroyer

The visakhapatnam class (Project 15 Bravo) is a class of stealth guided missile destroyers currently under construction for the "Indian Navy" .

The class comprises four ships- Visakhapatnam, morrmugao, Imphal and Porbandar all of which are being built by the "Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL)" in India, and will be the destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy.


Destroyers


                          Yard No.   laid down   launched   commissioning

INS 
Visakhapatnam :- 12704   12 october  20 April     2021(expected)
                                                2013               2015

INS
Mormugao :-       12705      4 june      17 sept       2022(expected)
                                                2015             2016

INS
Imphal :-             12706       19 may    20 April     2023(expected)           
                                                 2017        2019
INS
Porbandar :-        12707       19 july     not declared    not declared
                                                 2018               (under construction)



Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot




Terminology


"Laid Down" ,  "Launched" , And  "Commissioned".

"Keel laying" or  "laid down" is the formal commencement of the construction of  a ship.

"Launch" of a ship is when the ship is floated and pushed out of the dry docks. It however, does not mean that the construction may be over. Many Systems, ESP (extra sensory perception) for an aircraft carrier, like weapons, surveillance, "RADAR" system and self defense systems may be added later.

"Commissioning" is the formal handing over the aircraft carrier (or any vessel)  to the operator.


INS Imphal


INS Imphal is the third ship of the visakhapatnam- class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy.

The Ship was named in recognition of the Indian soldiers who fought in Battle of Imphal during world war II.

It is first warship to be "christened" after a city in the Northeast.


Guided Missile Destroyer Means

A guided- missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti - submarine , anti-air and anti-surface operations.


Armament of INS Imphal

Anti-air missiles :-  Here 4x8 cell VLS, for a total of 32 " Barak 8 missiles" are installed.

And as well as 

Anti-ship / land - attack missiles:- So here, 2x8 - cell UVLM for 16 BrahMos anti- ship  and land - attack missiles are installed.


Aviation  Facilities

It have a flight deck also. It have dual enclosed hangar for a combination of 2 westland sea king , Chetak or HAL Dhruv helicopters.

 Comparison with China

In March 1997 only, China had made the Luhu- class guided missile destroyer Harbin, the Luda-class guided missile destroyer zhuhai, and the replenishment oiler Nan cang began the PLA Navys first circum navigation of the Pacific Ocean.


And on 26 December 2008, China had Placed, the PLAN DISPATCHED a task group consisting of the guided missile destroyer Haikou ( flagship) , the guided missile destroyer Wuhan in his Navy. So, definitely, china is ahead but we are catchuping  China slowly in terms of Destroyers.



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