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History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


Bhoodan Movement


The Bhoodan - Gramdan movement initiated inspired by Vinoba Bhave brought vinoba to the international scene.

The "Bhoodan Movement" or "Land Gift Movement" , was a voluntary land reform movement in India , started by Acharya "Vinoba Bhave" in 1951 at Pocham Pally village in Telangana.


Background (Start of Movement)


Vinoba Bhave , a humble spiritual leader , the first non-violent resister to the Britishers and reformer of Independent India started this.

The mission was to persuade wealthy land owners to willingly give a small share of their land to the landless people.

And the idea of Bhoodan Movement broke out from one "dam" given by the Ram chandra Reddy a land owner of Andhra Pradesh of that time a 100 acres of land and the Bhave ji think that he can make it as a big movement and he continues his idea make it a big movement and became successful in it. Then he travelled across all of India to convince the wealthy Land-Owners to share a small area of their land with their poor and down trodden neighbours with the condition that they can't sell the land. Over a span of 20 years , a total of 4 milion acres of land was shared across the country through this movement.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


Objectives of Movement


To  bring  about a social order based on equality of opportunities by ensuring balanced economic distribution.

Decentralisation of economic holdings and powers , Vinoba ji writes , while describing the objectives of Bhoodan Movement , "In fact , objective is of there fold".

Firstly , Power should be decentralised from village to village .

Secondly, everybody should have a right on land and property.

Thirdly,  there should be no distribution in the matter of wages etc.

Vinoba ji was interested in the creation of a new social order.


Outcomes of Movement 


Assuming that there were 50 million landless peasants in India. Vinoba ji set himself the task of collecting in land gifts of 50 million acres , so that one acre could be given to each landless was hoped would end up with 5 acres.


He travelled thousands of miles by foot accepting donations of land for redistribution to the landless. By 1969, the Bhoodan had collected over 4 million acres (1.6 million hectares) of land for redistribution.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot

Advantages


It is a bold step towards solving the problems of landless labourers in very peaceful manners.

It helps in bringing more land under plough . Even uncultivable land is cultivated.

It helps in the direction of tax burden.

It helps in reducing exploitation of the poor cultivators by the rich zamindars.


Disadvantages


The fundamental weakness of Bhoodan movement was that its appeal was directed not to the poor and landless , but to the rich and  landlords.Means that it does not made a "that type of " (mutual) connectivity with all.

So, the voluntary donations of lands were not the generous offerings of the rich . In many states the landlords donated lands to escape from the ceiling laws. They have " no free will" .

Another weakness is that the depressed people and the exploited section of the society have already exhausted patience.

They are in no mood to indefinitely wait for the positive results of the movements.






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Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot


Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot

INS  Imphal Guided Missile Destroyer

The Indian Navy has launched its third guided missile destroyer, INS Imphal at "Mazgaon Docks" as Part of its Project 15B.


VISAKHAPATNAM - Class  Destroyer

The visakhapatnam class (Project 15 Bravo) is a class of stealth guided missile destroyers currently under construction for the "Indian Navy" .

The class comprises four ships- Visakhapatnam, morrmugao, Imphal and Porbandar all of which are being built by the "Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL)" in India, and will be the destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy.


Destroyers


                          Yard No.   laid down   launched   commissioning

INS 
Visakhapatnam :- 12704   12 october  20 April     2021(expected)
                                                2013               2015

INS
Mormugao :-       12705      4 june      17 sept       2022(expected)
                                                2015             2016

INS
Imphal :-             12706       19 may    20 April     2023(expected)           
                                                 2017        2019
INS
Porbandar :-        12707       19 july     not declared    not declared
                                                 2018               (under construction)



Indian Navy Launches Guided Missile Destroyer INS imphal- Newspot




Terminology


"Laid Down" ,  "Launched" , And  "Commissioned".

"Keel laying" or  "laid down" is the formal commencement of the construction of  a ship.

"Launch" of a ship is when the ship is floated and pushed out of the dry docks. It however, does not mean that the construction may be over. Many Systems, ESP (extra sensory perception) for an aircraft carrier, like weapons, surveillance, "RADAR" system and self defense systems may be added later.

"Commissioning" is the formal handing over the aircraft carrier (or any vessel)  to the operator.


INS Imphal


INS Imphal is the third ship of the visakhapatnam- class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy.

The Ship was named in recognition of the Indian soldiers who fought in Battle of Imphal during world war II.

It is first warship to be "christened" after a city in the Northeast.


Guided Missile Destroyer Means

A guided- missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti - submarine , anti-air and anti-surface operations.


Armament of INS Imphal

Anti-air missiles :-  Here 4x8 cell VLS, for a total of 32 " Barak 8 missiles" are installed.

And as well as 

Anti-ship / land - attack missiles:- So here, 2x8 - cell UVLM for 16 BrahMos anti- ship  and land - attack missiles are installed.


Aviation  Facilities

It have a flight deck also. It have dual enclosed hangar for a combination of 2 westland sea king , Chetak or HAL Dhruv helicopters.

 Comparison with China

In March 1997 only, China had made the Luhu- class guided missile destroyer Harbin, the Luda-class guided missile destroyer zhuhai, and the replenishment oiler Nan cang began the PLA Navys first circum navigation of the Pacific Ocean.


And on 26 December 2008, China had Placed, the PLAN DISPATCHED a task group consisting of the guided missile destroyer Haikou ( flagship) , the guided missile destroyer Wuhan in his Navy. So, definitely, china is ahead but we are catchuping  China slowly in terms of Destroyers.



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ISRO 5 Satellites Saved Many Lives From Cyclone Fani - Newspot

ISRO 5 Satellites Saved Many Lives From Cyclone Fani - Newspot

ISRO 5 Satellites saved many lives from cyclone Fani


According to the Article from the CNN news that there is almost 100 million people in path of India's strongest cyclone in 20 years.

The UN and other experts praised India for its early warning system and rapid evacuation of more than a million people, which helped minimise the loss of life from deadly cyclone.

Odisha is home of 46 million people, but the news are coming from Odisha that it killed atleast 34 people and forced a massive evacuation.

According to IMD (Indian Meteorological Department) , data from satellites. There are 5 satellites who saves millions of lives.

There names are:-

i) INSAT - 3D

ii) INSAT -3DR

iii) SCATSAT - 1

iv) OCEANSAT -2

v) MEGHA TROPIQUES


 

But before going to discuss about what the satellites performs their roles to saved millions of peoples , we should first understand the cyclone Fani.

 What is Cyclone Fani ?  How he got his name as Fani ?



ISRO 5 Satellites Saved Many Lives From Cyclone Fani - Newspot

Each tropical cyclone basin in the world has its own rotating list of names. For cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and Arabia Sea, the naming system was agreed to eight member countries of a group called WMO / ESCAP and took effect in 2004.

  
The name of the cyclone "Fani" , pronounced as "Foni" was suggested by Bangladesh. It means 'snake'  or 'head of snake'.


The Fani cyclone is the strongest cyclone who hit India in 20 years, it spent days building up power in the Norhtern reaches of the BAY OF BENGAL before it struck the coast of the state of odisha at around 8 a.m.  The State run Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said- The speed of winds is around 200 kph.



In 2017, cyclone Ockhi hits parts of Kerela , Tamil Nadu and Srilanka. Cyclone OcKhi left nearly 250 people dead and more than 600 missing in Tamil Nadu and Kerela.


Cyclone Gaja, Cyclone  Sagar (in Somalia) , Cyclone Mekunu  (striked Oman) , Cyclone Luban  (affected the Arabian Peninsula) and Cyclone Titli (made landfall near Palasa, Andhra Pradesh) were part of 2018 North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season.


 Facts about Fani cyclone


The timing of cyclone Fani is important because the cyclone started developing in April, a month that has historically seen very few cyclones that were categorised as extremely severe.

ISRO 5 Satellites Saved Many Lives From Cyclone Fani - Newspot


Between 1965 and 2017, India was hit by 145 cyclonic storms that were classified as severe, very severe, extremely severe and super cyclonic storm of these, that only 7 (5 percent) were in April and 27 cyclones (18 percent) in May.



Most of these cyclones ( 90 i.e., 62 percent ) were generated between October and November.


 There are mainly two sources of cyclones


The Indian  Subcontinent experiences cyclone from two basins : The Bay of Bengal basin and Arabian Sea basin. Of the two, more cyclones are generated in the Bay of Bengal and Cyclones that are generated here have also been more severe than the one generated over the Arabian Sea.


One of the reasons why tropical cyclones are more prone to the Bay of Bengal is that it's surface temperature is more than that of the Arabian sea. Tropical cyclones generally need a temperature of around 25-27 degree celsius.  The Bay of Bengal is more conducive to this than Arabian Sea.



 Let's come to the topic how satellites saves millions of peoples:-

ISRO 5 Satellites Saved Many Lives From Cyclone Fani - Newspot


i) INSAT - 3 D

It is a meteorological , data relay and satellite aided search and rescue satellite developed by the ISRO and was launched successfully on 26 July 2013 . Using an Ariance 5 ECA launch vechile from French Guiana . It is lauched in geostationary orbit.


ii) INSAT - 3DR


It is an Indian weather satellite built by the ISRO and operated by the Indian National Satellite System. The Satellite was launched on 8 september 2016, and is a follow-up to INSAT -3D.



iii) SCATSAT- (Scatterometer Satellite-1)


SCATSAT-1 is a miniature satellite providing weather forecasting , cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India. It has been developed by ISRO Satellite centre, Bangalore whereas its payload was developed by space application centre, Ahmedabad. It's launch date is 26 september 2016.



iv) OCEANSAT-2


OCEANSAT - 2  is an Indian satellite designed to provide service continuity for operational users of the ocean colour Monitor (OCM) instrument an Oceansat-1 . It will also enhance the potential of applications in other areas.


OCEANSAT-2 is ISRO's first in the series of IRS (Indian Remote Sensing) satellites dedicated to Ocean research. It's launch date-23 september 2009.


v) MEGHA TROPIQUES


Megha -Tropiques is a satellites mission to study the water cycle in the tropical atmosphere in the context of climate change.


A collaborative efforts between ISRO and French Centre National d' Estudes Spatiales (CNES), Megha- Tropiques was successfully deployed into orbit by a PSLV rocket in October in 2011.


It's lauched date is 12 october 2011.


So, all these worked together to save many lifes.












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Indonesia Will Move Its Capital From- Fast Sinking Jakarta to East Kalimantan - Newspot

Indonesia Will Move Its Capital From- Fast Sinking Jakarta- Newspot

Change of capital


In 2019, President of Indonesia was announced that Jakarta would no longer be the capital of Indonesia in the future, with a 10-year Plan to transfer all government offices to a new capital city.

Three locations were Proposed : "Palangkaraya", "Tanah Bumbu"  and  "North Penajam Paser"-  these all are in Kalimantan in Indonesia.






Reasons Behind this decision 


Now, the problem is that  Jakarta is sinking and upto 2030 the very large part of North Jakarta or it is possible that whole North Jakarta will submerge in water. And in the long run that means after 70-80 years the very large part of Jakarta will submerge in water and the Indonesian government guessed consequence which should be faced by Jakarta (Indonesia) very early (in 2019 only).  Then, the government decided to move its capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan And there are other reasons are also in existence with this is that Jakarta is already a very active industrial city that here lots of economical activites are exercised and that's why lots of employment are available here and due to that from all over other parts of Indonesia many peoples come to Jakarta in search of work and so, due to that load of population is increased in Jakarta and so due to that here traffic is also in bad situations.


So, overall Now a days Jakarta is easily playing his role very easily as a capital.


So, Indonesian government proposed to change the capital of Indonesia from Jakarta to Borneo Island part which comes under Indonesia in Kalimantan. And here the main contender for being capital is Palangkaraya because the Geologist are supporting this very much because it is very safe with respect to natural climate and geologist says that here is very less risks of single natural disasters in recent future.


Indonesian  Future capital city proposal 


In Java, the population is 57 percent of the total for Indonesia, or more than 140 m people , to the point that the ability to support this, whether in terms of the environment, water or traffic in the future, will no longer be possible. So, I decided to move outside Java

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     _ Indonesian President

Jakarta is sinking 


Jakarta is a victim of climate change, the fault of humans the world over (though mostly the fault of corporations) but it's also a victim of its own policies. The city is sinking - a process known as land subsidence - because residents and Industries have been draining aquifers, often illegaly, to the point that the land is now collapsing.




Think of it like a giant underground water bottle : If you empty too much of it and give it a good squeeze, it's going to buckle. Accordingly, parts of Jakarta are sinking by as much as 10 inches a year.








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India Stop Buying Oil from Iran after US waiver ends - Newspot

India Stop Buying Oil from Iran after US waiver ends - Newspot


India to stop buying oil from Iran


Details


These are not new Sanctions- only  old sanction waiver has ended.


In November 2018, the united states officially reinstated all sanctions against Iran that were Previously lifted before the U.S. withdrew from the  " JCPOA".


The US announced the sanctions in November but some countries got temporary waivers that allowed them to import Iranian oil. Washington now says those waivers, which mainly affect Italy, Greece , Japan , South Korea , Taiwan,  china, India ,  and Turkey will expire on May 2.




why U.S. Doesn't Want India to Import oil from IRAN ?


India is the 3rd largest consumer of oil in the world and to meet this demand it have to "import 85% of crude oil" and 34% of natural gas from other countries. 

SO, USA says that this is all because they want to Punish Iran.



China, Turkey Slam End of US waiver


In Beijing, chinese foreign ministry spokes person Geng shrang said that " China Consistently opposes US unilateral Sanctions".


"The Chinese government is committed to Protecting the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises" , he asserted , adding that US action will create turmoil in Middle-East and international energy Market.



Negative Impact on Indian Economy


When Trump first pulled out of the nuclear deal, oil shot up to over $ 85 dollars  a barrel and it fell to near  $ 50 dollars after the US administration unexpectedly granted the waivers. And if the value of crude oil will in crease then for few countries it will be very good but it is not good for countries like India. who are importing the oil that the bill of oil will increase which will not be good for India.



The U.S. Offer


As per the reports, US could offer trade concessions on oil exports that are on par with those offered by Iran.

The latter currently offers India Players - Indian oil corporation, Mangalaore Refinery and Petrochemicals (MRPL) and Nayara Energy  (Formerly Essar oil) cheaper freight and a 60-days credit period.


India also stands to gain the most from this move as US shale oil is competitively priced in comparison to crude oil from Gulf countries.


In fact, the price differential between Brent and Dubai crude has narrowed and despite the higher transportation charges is still attractively priced.


If Us were to offer a  $ 2-4 per barrel discount against Dubai crude, if would be enough to cover  India's freight costs.



Notes

Iran , for its Part, remained dismissive. Tehran again condemned the US sanctions as illegal, while its "Islamic revolutionary guard corps" threatend to block the strait of Hormuz, avital Passageway for nearly 20% of the world's crude and refined products.


Why is India Helping USA ?

Behind this there are many reasons that like recently in last 3 to 4 years USA  had became  a very closed Partner of India. That recently after Phulwama Attack US stand strongly with India everywhere. And in field of "NSG" USA  is trying that India take his entry in it. 

And USA is Planning to build six Power plant in field of Energy that "six nuclear Power plants" was Planned to build by USA in India.


So, over all matter is that USA and India is now becoming slowly a very good friend and so both are supporting each other.








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Why Sri Lanka Bans Burqa ( Specially it bans Face Covering) ?

Why Sri Lanka Bans Burqa ( Specially it bans Face Covering) ?

SriLanka Bans Face Coverings

Srilanka President Maithripala Sirisena on Suday  (28 April, 2019) decreed a ban on any form of face covering that can hinder the identification of any individual under emergency regulations.


Here are some definitions


1. KHIMAR :- Cover head, neck and shoulders.

2) BURQA :- Cover enter body including the face.

3) NIQAB :- Covers face showing only eyes.

4) HIJAB :- Covers hair and neck .

5) CHADOR :- Full body cloak revealing or face 



The Law has come  during  emergency 

The emergency Law  will prevent muslim as well as other women from veiling their faces in public.

The decision comes after the cabinet of the Sri Lanka government had proposed laws banning face veils in a recent meeting.

Notes

There are currently 14 nations that have banned the burqa (not to be confused with the hijab) including Austria , Denmark , France , Belgium , Tajikistan , Latvia,  Bulgaria, Cameroon, Chad, congobrazzaville , Gabon , Netherlands, China Moroco and Sri lanka.


The National Question of Religious Focedons

But here a larger question comes in front of us is of National security. And here we have seen that there are many countries in which burqa is not banned and then even security is very high like India.


In India there are malls, Airpots , Railway Station etc. in which high class security check up is exercised and we have completely did a very tight and strong security setups to prevent these unsocial activities. And so, all together don't take the basic rights of religions minorities if you have to take care of take care of national securities then for that there are many options. Because these steps are in few mean  polarising the human beings.


So, in long run banning anything is not a good answer. Instead of that the good answer is  to think that how we can reach our goal without offending anyone.


But of course this case have a various Prospectives and you also have your own Opinion. so, you can share it to all of us.


But must keep one thing in mind that be careful and keep religious sensitivity in mind and don't be offensive and don't insult anyone.




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