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History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot

Bhoodan Movement

The Bhoodan - Gramdan movement initiated inspired by Vinoba Bhave brought vinoba to the international scene.

The "Bhoodan Movement" or "Land Gift Movement" , was a voluntary land reform movement in India , started by Acharya "Vinoba Bhave" in 1951 at Pocham Pally village in Telangana.

Background (Start of Movement)

Vinoba Bhave , a humble spiritual leader , the first non-violent resister to the Britishers and reformer of Independent India started this.

The mission was to persuade wealthy land owners to willingly give a small share of their land to the landless people.

And the idea of Bhoodan Movement broke out from one "dam" given by the Ram chandra Reddy a land owner of Andhra Pradesh of that time a 100 acres of land and the Bhave ji think that he can make it as a big movement and he continues his idea make it a big movement and became successful in it. Then he travelled across all of India to convince the wealthy Land-Owners to share a small area of their land with their poor and down trodden neighbours with the condition that they can't sell the land. Over a span of 20 years , a total of 4 milion acres of land was shared across the country through this movement.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot

Objectives of Movement

To  bring  about a social order based on equality of opportunities by ensuring balanced economic distribution.

Decentralisation of economic holdings and powers , Vinoba ji writes , while describing the objectives of Bhoodan Movement , "In fact , objective is of there fold".

Firstly , Power should be decentralised from village to village .

Secondly, everybody should have a right on land and property.

Thirdly,  there should be no distribution in the matter of wages etc.

Vinoba ji was interested in the creation of a new social order.

Outcomes of Movement 

Assuming that there were 50 million landless peasants in India. Vinoba ji set himself the task of collecting in land gifts of 50 million acres , so that one acre could be given to each landless was hoped would end up with 5 acres.

He travelled thousands of miles by foot accepting donations of land for redistribution to the landless. By 1969, the Bhoodan had collected over 4 million acres (1.6 million hectares) of land for redistribution.

History of Bhoodan Movement - Aims and other details - Newspot


It is a bold step towards solving the problems of landless labourers in very peaceful manners.

It helps in bringing more land under plough . Even uncultivable land is cultivated.

It helps in the direction of tax burden.

It helps in reducing exploitation of the poor cultivators by the rich zamindars.


The fundamental weakness of Bhoodan movement was that its appeal was directed not to the poor and landless , but to the rich and  landlords.Means that it does not made a "that type of " (mutual) connectivity with all.

So, the voluntary donations of lands were not the generous offerings of the rich . In many states the landlords donated lands to escape from the ceiling laws. They have " no free will" .

Another weakness is that the depressed people and the exploited section of the society have already exhausted patience.

They are in no mood to indefinitely wait for the positive results of the movements.

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